2012年职称英语考试卫生类B级真题试卷及参考答案(转载)

解梦360 14 0

2012年职称英语考试已经顺利结束,从2012年的职称英语考试的真实反馈以及我们对于考试真实情况的了解。博大考神12.0职称英语家庭式培训班再次精准的命中了所有的类别级别各30分的题目,帮助众多的考生再次获得了令人满意的成绩。下面是博大考神专家提供的职称英语考试卫生类B级真题试卷参考答案。

  第一部分:词汇选项

  1. All the walls in the building had the same layout.

  A. size

  B. function

  C. color

  D. arrangement

  【博大考神答案】:D

  2. The storm caused severe damage.

  A. physical

  B. accidental

  C. serious

  D. enviromental

  【博大考神答案】:C

  3. The walls are made of hollow concret blocks.

  A. big

  B. empty

  C. long

  D. new

  【博大考神答案】:B

  4. Our aim was to update the health service and we succeeded.

  A. offer

  B. provide

  C. modernize

  D. fund

  【博大考神答案】:C

  5. Do we have to wear these name tags?

  A. lists

  B. forms

  C. lables

  D. codes

  【博大考神答案】:C

  6. Joe came to the window as the crowd chanted ”Joe,Joe,Joe”

  A. repeated

  B. jumped

  C. maintained

  D. approached

  【博大考神答案】:A

  7. He inspired many young people to take up sports.

  A. encouraged

  B. allowed

  C. called

  D. advised

  【博大考神答案】:A

  8. The city center was wiped out by the bomb.

  A. covered

  B. reduced

  C. destroyed

  D. moved

  【博大考神答案】:C

  9. Most baby can take in a wide range of food easily.

  A. bring

  B. digest

  C. keep

  D. serve

  【博大考神答案】:B

  10. A larg crowd assembled outside the American embassy.

  A. watched

  B. shouted

  C. gathered

  D. walked

  【博大考神答案】:C

  11. The weather was crisp and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away.

  A. fresh

  B. hot

  C. heavy

  D. windy

  【博大考神答案】:A

  12. What puzzles me is why his books are so popular.

  A. shocks

  B. influences

  C. confuses

  D. concerns

  【博大考神答案】:C

  13. I think $7 a drink is a bit steep, don’t you?

  A. tight

  B. low

  C. cheap

  D. high

  【博大考神答案】:D

  14. The contempt he felt for his fellow students was obvious.

  A. need

  B. hate

  C. love

  D. pity

  【博大考神答案】:D

  15. Her comments about men are utterly ridiculous.

  A. slightly

  B. partly

  C. faintly

  D. completely

  【博大考神答案】:D

  第二部分:阅读判断

  16. Viruses can only live inside people or animals.

  【博大考神答案】:B

  17. All bacteria cause illnesses.

  【博大考神答案】:B

  18. Washing your skin can prevent some illnesses.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  19. Germs can enter the body through the eyes.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  20. The heart contains the body's strongest muscle.

  【博大考神答案】:C

  21. After they kill germs, antibodies stay in the body.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  22. Vaccines can make you sick.

  【博大考神答案】:B

  第三部分:概括大意和完成句子

  23题【博大考神答案】:B

  24题【博大考神答案】:A

  25题【博大考神答案】:F

  26题【博大考神答案】:D

  A. The Relapsing Form of MS

  B. The Definition of MS

  C. The Cause of MS

  D. The Development of MS

  E. The Treatment of MS

  F. The Primary Progressive Form of MS

  27. MS affects the young adults of nerve cells between the body and ______.

  【博大考神答案】:B

  28. An MS patient can feel fine for years without being affected much by the ______.

  【博大考神答案】:C

  29. 10-15% of MS patients are diagnosed as having _______.

  【博大考神答案】:E

  30. Young adults might have a higher chance of developing the disease than_______.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  A. the elderly people.

  B. the brain.

  C. relatives of MS patients

  D. life expectancy

  E. the disease

  F. the progressive form

  第四部分:阅读理解

  第一篇:

  New Attempts to Eradicate AIDS Virus

  A high-profile attempt to eradicate the AIDS virus in a few patients continues to show promise.

  But researchers won’t know for a year or more whether it will work, scientist David Ho told journalists here Wednesday for the Fourth Conference in Viruses and Infections.

  “This is a study that’s in progress,” says Ho, head of the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, New York.

  The study involves 20 people who started combinations of anti-HIV drugs very early in the course of the disease, within 90 days of their infections. They’ve been treated for up to 18 months. Four others have dropped out because of side effects or problems complying with the exacting drug system.

  The drugs have knocked the AIDS virus down to undetectable levels in the blood of all remaining patients. And, in the latest development, scientists have now tested lymph nodes and semen from a few patients and found no virus reproducing there, Ho says. “Bear in mind that undetectable does not equal absent,” Ho says.

  Ho has calculated that the drugs should be able to wipe out remaining viruses – at least from known reservoirs throughout the body – in two to three years. But the only way to prove eradication would be to stop the drugs and see if the virus comes back. On Wednesday, Ho said he wouldn’t ask any patient to consider that step before 2 (1/2) years of treatment.

  And he emphasized that he is not urging widespread adoption of such early, aggressive treatment outside of trials. No one knows the long-term risks.

  But other scientists are looking at similar experiments. A federally funded study will put 300 patients on triple-drug treatments and then see if some responding well after six months can continue to suppress the virus on just one or two drugs, says researcher Douglas Richman of the University of California, San Diego. Some patients in that study also may be offered the chance to stop therapy after 18 months or more, he says.

  31. According to the passage, the attempt to eradicate the AIDS virus

  A.hasn’t been made seriously

  B.is appreciated by California University

  C.continues to show promise

  D.will be successful in two and a half years

  【博大考神答案】:C

  32. Which is NOT true about Ho’s study?

  A. 20 patients were involved in the study

  B. The patients have used several anti-HIV drugs

  C. 16 patients withdrew from the experiment

  D. The patients have been treated for up to 18months

  【博大考神答案】:C

  33. The words “Bear in mind undetectable does not equal absent” by Ho’s means

  A. AIDS virus can be undetectable in the blood.

  B. AIDS virus is undetectable in the blood.

  C. No AIDS virus can be detected in the blood.

  D. No virus found in the blood means no AIDS.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  34. We prove that the drugs have wiped out the remaining viruses by

  A. using up all the drugs at once.

  B. waiting for the virus to die slowly.

  C. asking the patients’ feeling about the disease.

  D. stopping the drugs to see if the virus comes back.

  【博大考神答案】:D

  35. Other scientists are looking at experiments that are similar in that they are

  A. the ways the patients are treated

  B. the size of the experiment

  C. the cost of the experiment

  D. the time the experiment takes

  【博大考神答案】:D

  第二篇:

  Gross National Happiness

  In the last century, new technology improved the lives of many people in many countries. However, one country resisted these changes. High in the Himalayan mountains of Asia, the kingdom of Bhutan remained separate. Its people and Buddhist(佛教)culture had not been affected for almost a thousand years. Bhutan, however, was a poor country. People died at a young age. Most of its people could not read, and they did not know much about the outside world. Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern, but without losing its traditions.

  King Wangchuck looked at other countries for ideas. He saw that most countries measured their progress by their Gross Natonal Product(GNP). The GNP measures products and money. When the number of products sold increases people say the country is making progress. King Wangchuck had a different idea for Bhutan. He wanted to measure his country’s progress by people’s happiness. If the people’s happiness increased, the king could say that Bhutan was making progress. To decide if people were happier, he created a measure called Gross National Happiness(GNH).

  GNH is based on certain principles that create happiness. People are happier if they have health care, education, and jobs. They are happier when they live in a healthy, protected environment. They are happier when they can keep their traditional culture and customs. Finally, people are happier when they have a good, stable government.

  Now these is some evidence of increased GNH in Bhutan. People are healthier and are living longer. More people are educated and employed. Teenty-five percent of the land has become national parks, and the country has almost no pollution. The Bhutanese continue to wear their traditional clothing and follow their ancient Buddhist customs. Bhutan has also become a democracy. In 2008, King Wangchuck gave his power to his son. Although the country still had a king, it held its first democratic elections that year. Bhutan had political parties and political candidates for the first time. Finally, Bhutan has connected to the rest of the world through television and internet.

  Bhutan is a symbol for social progress. Many countries are now interested in Bhutan’s GNH. These countries are investigating their own ways to measure happiness. They want to create new policies that take care of their people, cultures, and land.

  Brazil may be the nest country to use the principles of GNH. Brazilian leaders see the principles of GNH as a source of inspiration. Brazil is a large country with a diverse population. If happiness works as a measure of progress in Brazil, perhaps the rest of the world will follow.

  36. Who was Jigme Singye Wangchuck?

  A. A president.

  B. A buddist preist.

  C. A general.

  D. A king.

  【博大考神答案】:D

  37. Apart from moderizing Bhutan, what else did Wangchuck want to do for Bhutan?

  A. To make its populaton grow.

  B. To keep it separate from the world.

  C. To encourage its people to get rich.

  D. To keep its tradition and customs.

  【博大考神答案】:D

  38. A country shows its progress with GNP by

  A. selling more products.

  B. spending more money.

  C. spending less money.

  D. providing more jobs.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  39. According to GNH, people are happier if they

  A. have new tecnology.

  B. can change their religion.

  C. have a good, stable government.

  D. have more money.

  【博大考神答案】:C

  40. Today, many countries are

  A. using the principles of GNH to measure their progress.

  B. woking together to develop a common scale to measure GNH.

  C. taking both Bhutan and Brazil as symbols for social progress.

  D. trying to find their own ways to measure happiness.

  【博大考神答案】:D

  第三篇:

  Genetic Engineering

  Genetic engineering began when the DNA molecule(分子), the most basic unit of life, was first described in 1953 by James Watson and Francis Crick. An understanding of DNA led to the altering of normal cell reproduction. Experiments with altering human cells began in 1970. In one of the first experiments, patients were injected with a virus that would produce a life-saving enzyme, but their bodies would not accept it. In 1980 patients with a rare but fatal blood disease were injected with a purified gene that was cloned through DNA technology. Another failure.

  Genetic engineering got a legal boost(激励) in 1980. The U.S. Supreme Court said that a patent could be granted on a genetically engineered "oil-eating" bacterium(细菌). This bacterium would help clean up oil spills. The ruling encouraged companies to invent new life forms, and three important medical products were quickly developed.

  ? Human interferon(干扰素)-- a possible solution to some cancers and viral disease. A newly engineered bacterium produced human interferon as a by-product. This new product reduced the cost of interferon.

  ? Human growth hormone-- for children whose bodies do not grow to normal height. An expensive growth hormone(荷尔蒙) was previously produced from human cadavers, but by changing the genetic make-up of the single-cell bacterium E. coli, and affordable growth hormone could be produced.

  ? Human insulin(胰岛素)-- for the treatment of diabetes. People with diabetes used to rely on a beef- or pork-based product until 1982. Now insulin can be manufactured by genetically altered bacteria.

  Advances in genetic engineering have continued, though they constantly must be weighted against the safety of procedures. There is clearly much more to discover.

  41. This passage is mainly about

  A. the effects of altering cells.

  B. the human growth hormone.

  C. insulin resistance.

  D. U.S. Supreme Court rulings.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  42. Genetic enginerring may be defined as

  A. the altering of normal cell reproduction

  B. a branch of applied chemistry.

  C. a procedure that holds little promise.

  D. a study on life-saving enzymes.

  【博大考神答案】:A

  43. According to the passage, human interferon

  A. is a hormone that causes disease.

  B. could be used to treat cancer.

  C. is a viral disease

  D. has been cured

  【博大考神答案】:B

  44. In this passage, the three genetically engineered medical products are presented

  A. as a process.

  B. in a simple list.

  C. from earliest to latest.

  D.as a story.

  【博大考神答案】:B

  45. In the last paragraph, the word "weighed" has the cloest meaning with

  A. had great influence

  B. became a burden.

  C. considered carefully.

  D. measured accurately.

  【博大考神答案】:C

  第五部分:补全短文

  Voice Your Opinion——Change is Needed in Youth Sports

  Everywhere you look, you see kids bouncing a basketball or waving a tennis racquet (网球拍)。 And these kids are getting younger and younger. In some countries, children can compete on basketball, baseball, and volleyball teams starting at age nine. (46)And swimming and gymnastics classes begin at age four, to prepare children for competition. It’s true that a few of these kids will develop into highly skilled athletes and may even become members of the national Olympic teams. (47) This emphasis on competition in sports is having serious negative effects. Children who get involved in competitive sports at a young age often grow tired of their sport. Many parents pressure their kids to choose one sport and devote all their time to it. (48) But 66 percent of the young athletes wanted to play more than one sport-for fun. Another problem is the pressure imposed by over-competitive parents and coaches. Children are not naturally competitive. In fact, a recent study by Paulo David found that most children don’t even understand the idea of competition until they are seven years old. (49) The third, and biggest, problem for young athletes is the lack of time to do their homework, have fun, be with friends—in short, time to be kids. When they are forced to spend every afternoon at sports practice, they often start to hate their chosen sport. A searchers found that 70 percent of kids who take part in competitive sports before the of twelve quit before they turn eighteen. (50) Excessive competitive away all the enjoyment. Need to remember the purpose of youth sports – to give kids a chance to have developing strong, healthy bodies. 46题【博大考神答案】:B

  47题【博大考神答案】:E

  48题【博大考神答案】:A

  49题【博大考神答案】:F

  50题【博大考神答案】:C

  A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  第六部分:完形填空(红色的部分为答案)

  It is well—known that life expectancy is longer in Japan than in most other countries. A recent report also shows that Japan has the longest health expectancy in the world.A healthy long life is the result of improvement in social environment.

  Scientists are trying to work out exactly what keeps elderly Japanese people so healthy, and whether there is a lesson to be learnt from their lifestyles for the rest of us. Should we make any changes to our eating habits, for instance, or go jogging each day before breakfast? Is there some secret ingredient in the Japanese diet that is particularly benefical to the human body?

  Another factor contributing to the rapid population aging in Japan is a decline in birthrate.Although longer life should be celebrated, it is actually considered a social problem.The number of older people had doubled in the last half century and that has increased pension and medical costs.The country could soon be facing an economic problem, if there are so many old people to be looked after and relatively few younger people working and paying taxes to support them.

  Raising the retirement age from 65 to 70 could be one solution to the problem. Work can give the elderly a sense of responsibility and mission in life. It’s important that the elderly play active roles in the society and live in harmony with all generations.

  感谢大家对于博大教育一直以来的关注和支持,祝愿大家都可以顺利通过考试。有关职称英语考试,博大考神专门为考生提供的一套能提高考试技巧的软件。不仅可以和全国的其余考试交流经验,还能自动收集考试错题,针对考试的薄弱点进行有针对性的练习。并且里面的题型可以在线更新,拥有市面上最广,最全的题型。提高考生技巧、能力,让考生顺利通过考试!联系电话:66820000,联系人:王老师。

标签: 2020高考真题试卷

发表评论 (已有0条评论)

还木有评论哦,快来抢沙发吧~