[高考专区]高三英语模拟试卷

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高三英语模拟试卷

  第一节 单项填空

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1.---Excuse me, where can I find the post office?

   ---Go down this street. Turn right at the first light and you’ll see it on the left.

   ---Did you say right at the first light?

   A. No, left B.OK C. Thank you D. That’s right

  2.Though he is worker, he works very hard.

   A. a common B. an ordinary C. a usual D. a general

  3. I’m looking after Tom today. He’s been at my house 8:00 this morning.

   A. since B. for C. at D. till

  4. --- Henry doesn’t seem like the same person.

   --- so much in the war has made him more thoughtful.

   A. For him to see B. His seeing C. Having seen D. To have seen

  5.Please call again. Jim a bath just now.

   A. has had B. was having C. is having D. has

  6. ---When did he leave the classroom?

   ---He left you turned back to write on the blackboard.

   A. the minute B. the time C. until D. before

  7. Once environmental damage ,it takes many years for the system to recover.

   A. has done B. it to do C. does D. is done

  8. we are doing has never been done before.

   A. That B. What C. Which D. Whether

  9.They at least ten minutes ago.

   A. ought to leave B. must have left C. might leave D. should leave

  10.There is more land in Australia than the government knows .

   A. what to do with B. to do with it C. how to do D. to do it

  11.While people may refer to television for up-to-the-minute news, it is unlikely that

   television the newspaper completely.

   A. replace B. have replaced C. replaced D. will replace

  12.Because the first pair of trousers did not fit properly, he asked for .

   A. another trousers B. others trousers C. the others ones D. another pair

  13. In Britain today women 44% of the workforce, and nearly half the mothers with children

   are in paid work.

   A. build up B. make up C. stand for D. send up

  14.This is the place I want to go to.

   A. mostly B. the mostly C. most D. much

  15. The hours the children spend in their one-way relationship with television people

   undoubtedly affect their relationships with real-life people.

   A. that B. when C. in which D. on which

  第二节 完形填空

   阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最

   佳选项。

   The task of being accepted and enrolled in a university begins early for some students.

   Long 16 they graduate from high school, these students take special 17 to prepare

   for advanced study. They man also take one of more examinations that test how 18 prepared

   they are for the university. In the final year of high school, they 19 applications and

   send them, with their student records, to the universities which they hope to 20 .Some

   high school students may be 21 to have an interview with people from the university.

   Neatly 22 and usually very frightened, they are 23 to show that they have a good

   attitude and the 24 to succeed.

   When the new students are finally 25 , there may be one more step they have to 26

   before registering for classes and 27 to work. Many colleges and universities 28 an

   instruction program for new students. 29 these programs, the young people 30 to

   know the procedures for registration and student advising, university rules, the 31 of

   the library and all the other 32 services of the college or university.

   Beginning a new life in a new place can be very 33 .The more knowledge students have

   34 the school, the easier35 will be for them to adapt to the new environment.However

   , it takes time to get used to college life.

   16.A. as B. after C. since D. before

   17.A. courses B. majors C. subjects D. textbooks

   18.A. deeply B. widely C. well D. much

   19.A. finish B. provide C. complete D. organize

   20.A. attend B. study C. belong D. become

   21.A. considered B. ordered C. suggested D. required

   22.A. coated B. dressed C. worn D. appeared

   23.A. decided B. settled C. intended D. determined

   24.A. power B. ability C. possibility D. quality

   25.A. received B. accepted C. permitted D. recognized

   26.A. go B. do C. take D. pass

   27.A. getting B. putting C. falling D. sitting

   28.A. offer B. afford C. grant D. supply

   29.A. For B. Among C. In D. On

   30.A. have B. get C. ought D. need

   31.A. application B. usage C. use D. using

   32.A. major B. key C. great D. famous

   33.A. amazing B. misleading C. alarming D. puzzling

   34.A. before B. about C. on D. at

   35.A. they B. that C. which D. it

  第三部分: 阅读理解

   阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

   It was early morning. Peter Corbett helped Mark Wellman out of his wheelchair and onto

   the ground. They stood before El Capitan, a huge mass of rock almost three-quarters of a

   mile high in California’s beautiful Yosemite Valley. It had been Mark’s dream to climb

   El Capitan for as long as he could remember. But how could a person without the use of his

   legs hope to try to climb it?

   Mark knew he couldn’t finish the climb alone, but his friend Peter, an expert rock

   climber, would be there to lend a helping hand. He and Mark thought that it would take

   seven days to reach the top.

   Peter climbed about 100 feet up and hammered a piton(岩钉) into the rock. Fastening

   one end of a 165-foot rope to the piton, he let one end of the rope fall down. Mark caught

   the rope and fastened it to his belt with a special instrument. This instrument would

   allow Mark to move upward, but would prevent him from falling even as much as a single inch

   . He next reached above his head and fastened a T-shaped bar to the rope, using the same

   kind of instrument.

   Mark took a deep breath, pushed the T-bar up almost as far as his arms could reach,

   and began the first of the 7,000 pull-ups needed to reach the top. High above, Peter let

   out a cheer. “You’re on your way.”

   Seven years before, at the age of twenty-one, he had fallen while mountain climbing,

   injuring his backbone. The fall cost him the use of his legs, but he never lost his love

   of adventure or his joyful spirit.

   For the first four days the two men progressed steadily upward without incident. But

   on the fifth day an unbearably hot wind began to blow, and as time went by, it became

   stronger and stronger, causing Mark to sway violently on his rope. But Mark kept on

   determinedly pushing up the T-bar and pulling himself up. In spite of that, he had to

   admit that he felt a lot better when the wind finally died down and his body touched solid

   rock again.

   It took them one day more than they had expected, but on July 26 at 1:45 in the afternoon

   , the crowd of people waiting on the top went wild with joy as the two heads appeared. Mark

   Wellman had shown that if you set your heart and mind on a goal, no wall is too high, no

   dream impossible.

   36.What had Mark Wellman long desired to do?

   A. To finish one of the most difficult rock climbs in the world.

   B. To be the first to climb El Capitan.

   C. To climb the highest mountain in California.

   D. To help his friend Peter climb El Capitan.

   37.How did Mark climb the mountain?

   A. He fastened the rope to his wheelchair.

   B. He hammered in pitons so that he had something to hold on to.

   C. He held on to the T-bar and Peter pulled him up.

   D. He pulled himself up using a T-bar and special equipment.

  38.How did Mark lose the use of his legs?

   A. He lost his footing and fell from the side of a mountain.

   B. He fell during his first attempt on El Capitan.

   C. His legs were broken by falling rocks.

   D. While working out in the gym, he injured his backbone.

  39.What was the worst problem Mark had during the climb?

   A. He struck against the rock and hurt his arms.

   B. A strong wind blew him away from the rock.

   C. He kept falling several inches.

   D. While swaying in space, he became terrified.

  40.How did Mark react to difficulties during the climb?

   A. He admitted that he was frightened.

   B. He often worried about his friend’s condition.

   C. He was able to remain clam and determined.

   D. He was joking to cheer himself up.

  B

   New findings suggest that brainy card games such as contract bridge may temporarily raise

   production of a key blood cell including in fighting off illness. After 90 minutes of play

   , bridge players had increased levels of immune(免疫)cells, according to research

   reported last week.

   A researcher, Diamond, studied bridge players from a women’s bridge club. She chose

   bridge players because the game includes skills stimulating a part of the brain called the

   dorsolateral cortex. Earlier animal research suggests that this part of the brain may play

   a role in the immune system.

   The findings are based on blood samples drawn from 12 women players. Their blood samples

   showed a rise in levels of white blood cells called T cells after they played bridge for 90

   minutes. T cells are produced by the thymus gland(胸腺)and used by the immune system

   against diseases.

   The T cell count jumped significantly in eight of the bridge players, and slightly in

   the other four.

   The findings contribute to the field of neuroimmunology(神经免疫学),whose name reflects

   the fact that the nervous system and the immune system are not considered separate and

   isolated systems. What isn’t clear is whether the help to the immune system from an

   activity like contract bridge is lasting or temporary. It is also not clear whether the

   increase in T cells could finally be targeted against special illnesses.

   41.Playing bridge can help one to fight off diseases because it can .

   A.raise production of a key blood cell B.make people joyful

   C.aid digestion D.make break away from the bad habits

   42.Diamond chose to study bridge players for the research because .

   A.the players are good friends of hers

   B.she loves playing bridge

   C.this game stimulates a part of the brain that has something to do with immune system

   D.she is a clever manager, who operates her bridge club well

   43.Which of the following is TRUE according to this article?

   A.The immune system and the brain system used to be considered separate and isolated

   systems.

   B.The help to the immune system that is brought about by playing bridge can last for

   a long time.

   C.Cortex is a kind of blood cell.

   D.The new findings are impossible.

  C

   Parents whose children show a special interest in a particular sport feel very difficult

   to make a decision about their children's careers. Should they allow their children to

   train to become top sports men and women? For many children it means starting schoolwork

   very young, and going out with friends and other interests have to take a second place.

   It's very difficult to explain to a young child why he or she has to train five hours a day

   , even at the weekend, when most of his or her friends are playing.

   Another problem is of course money. In many countries money for training is available

   from government for the very best young sportsmen and women. If this help can not be given

   , in means that it is the parents who have to find the time and the money to support their

   child's development and sports clothes, transport to competitions, special equipment, etc.

   Can all be very expensive?

   Many parents are worried that it is dangerous to start serious training in a sport at

   an early age. Some doctors agree that young muscles may be damaged by training before

   they are properly developed. Professional trainers, however, believe that it is only by

   training young that you can reach the top as a successful sports person. It is clear that

   very few people do reach the top, and both parents and children should be prepared for

   failure even after many years of training.

   44. This article is most probably taken from .

   A. a letter B. an advertisement

   C. a personal diary D. a newspaper article

   45. According to the passage, parents whose children show a special interest in sport .

   A. feel uncertain if they should let their children train to be sports men or women

   training

   B. try to get financial support from the government for their children's training

   C. have to get medical advice from doctors about training methods

   D. prefer their children to be trained as young as possible

   46. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

   A. By starting young, you won't have much time for your school work.

   B. Early training may damage your muscles.

   C. Most children may become professional sports men after a long period of training.

   D. It's very expensive for parents to support their child's development in sports.

   47. The phrase “to take a second place” means .

   A. to repeat the activities some other day

   B. to become less important

   C. all things considered, they are of inferior quality

   D. to happen again

  D

   A very rapid increase in the number of ships sailing between American and European

   ports began almost immediately after the end of the War of 1812 in order to meet the new

   need for the regular rapid transportation of mail, light cargo, and passengers. It was

   the increase in emigration to America that for the first time made the carrying of

   passengers across the Atlantic more profitable than the transportation of heavy cargo. A

   new type of sailing ship, the packet(邮船), appeared to meet this new demand, and the

   demand very soon resulted in strong competition among several packet lines. The earliest

   of these was the Black Ball Line set up in New York in 1816, only a year after the end of

   the war. The service of this famous line started with four of the new fast packets, each

   of 400 to 500 tons: the Pacific, the Amity, the James Cooper, and the William Thompson.

   During the first twenty years of service, the average time from New York to Liverpool

   was 23 days and the average trip back to New York took 40 days. By the middle of the

   century packets had increased in size to between 900 and 1,000 tons and their speed had

   increased. The Red Jackel once sailed from New York to Liverpool in 13 days, 11.5 hours.

   The Mary Whiteridge took 4.5 hours off this record on a run from Baltimore to Liverpool.

   Such speeds were far greater than the average of from 19 to 21 days to Liverpool and from

   30 to 35 homeward to New York, but the packets had still set a new standard for

   transoceanic travel. No wonder that steamships, the first of which tried to compete with

   the packets in 1838, only began to replace them in the 1850s.

   48. The fastest transatlantic voyage by a packet mentioned by the author was from .

   A. Liverpool to New York B. New York to Liverpool

   C. Baltimore to Liverpool D. Liverpool to Baltimore

   49.According to the author, in which decade of the 19th century did a steamship first

   attempt to compete with the transatlantic packets?

   A. The 20s. B. The 50s. C. The 40s. D. The 30s.

   50.Which of the following was most important in the development of the fast packets?

   A. The increase in the number of people who wanted to go to America.

   B. The increase in the number of people who wanted to go to Europe after the War of 1812.

   C. The increased demand for the transportation of all kinds of cargo.

   D. The increased volume of mail.

   51. The time of the fastest transatlantic crossing mentioned by the author was 13 days

   and .

   A. 11.5 hours B.7 hours C. 7.5 hours D. 4.5 hours

  E

   Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people,

   but I also explain that there’s a big difference between being a writer and writing. In

   most cases these people are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a

   typewriter. You’re got to want to write, I say to them, not want to be a writer.

   The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every

   writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I

   left a 20-year job in the U. S. Coast Guard to become a writer, I had no hopes at all.

   What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It

   didn’t even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used

   typewriter and felt like a real writer.

   After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t gotten a break and began to doubt myself.

   It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write

   . I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who die

   wondering, what if? I would keep putting my dream to the test even though it meant living

   with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadow land of hope, and anyone with a

   dream must learn to live there.

   52.The passage is meant to .

   A. warn young people of the hardship that a successful writer has to experience

   B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer

   C. show young people it’s unrealistic for writers to seek wealth and fame

   D. encourage young people to seek good jobs

   53.What can be concluded from the passage?

   A. Real writers often find their work interesting and rewarding.

   B. A writer’s success depends on luck rather than on effort.

   C. Famous writers usually live in poverty.

   D. The chances for a writer to become successful are small

   54. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing work?

   A. He wasn’t able to produce a single book.

   B. He hadn’t seen a change for the better.

   C. He wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year.

   D. He found his dream would never come true.

   55. “Shadow land” in the last sentence refers to .

   A. the wonderland one often dreams about

   B. the bright future that one is looking forward to

   C. a world that exists only in one’s imagination

   D. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached

  第二卷

  第四部分:写作

  第一节 短文改错

   此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断;如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一

   个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

   该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

   该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(v),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

   该行错一个词;在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

   注意:原行没有错的不要改。

   A strange thing was happened in our garden the 56.

   other day. I went out play with my dog for 57.

   a few minute, and noticed the dog barking 58.

   at a big tree. Before I realized that it meant, it 59.

   started to dig a hole at the base of the tree. 60.

   Suddenly a large rat rushed out the hole, ran across 61.

   the garden and disappearing into some waste ground 62.

   behind the garden. Surprising at this unexpected 63.

   incident, the poor dog was too slowly to react. It ran 64.

   to the fence, but without some result. 65.

  第二节 书面表达

   根据下面的提示,用英文写一篇介绍中国义务教育的文章。介绍须包括以下内容:

   1.上学的年龄; 2.开学的时间; 3.学制情况(小学六年,初中三年);

   4. 所学课程; 5.收费情况; 6.义务教育的特点。

   注意:1.词数100左右;

   2.文章的题目已为你写好。

   Compulsory Education in China

  参考答案

   1--5 DBACC 6--10 ADBBA 11--15.DDBCA 16--20.DACCA 21--25.DBDBB

   26---30 CAACB 31---35CADBD 36---40.ADABC 41----45. ACADA 46---50CBCDA

   51---55.BADBD

  第一节

   56.was happened→happened 57.play→to play 58.minute→minutes 59.that→what

   60.√ 61.out→out of 62.disappearing→disappeared 63.Surprising→Surprised

   64.slowly→slow 65.some→any, 或去掉some

  第二节

   One possible version:

  Compulsory Education in China

   In China, school begins on September 1. Children go to school when they are six years

   old. Children shall study for six years in primary school, where they will learn Chinese,

   maths, English, music, drawing, P.E. and so on. When they have finished primary school,

   they will enter junior school, where they will learn other subjects, such as physics,

   chemistry, politics, history, geography, biology and so on. They shall study for 3 years

   in junior school. During the compulsory education, parents only have to pay the fees of

   books and exercise books for their children’s education. According to the law, it’s

   parents’ duty to send their children to receive the compulsory education.

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